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Fields, Forests & Wetlands Foods of Eastern North America

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205_Capsella_bursa_pastoris

By: Carl Axel Magnus Lindman - Bilder ur Nordens Flora


Season: Spring, Summer & Early Fall


Urban, Rural or Both: Both - disturbed land


Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) is a wild food in North America, but in Asia it is grown as a food crop. As it is part of the mustard family, the leaves have a mild mustard/peppery taste. Even though it is grown as a food crop in Asia, I suggest eating this plant in moderation - as I do with anything really.

It is distinctive looking with the circle (rosette) of basal leaves (leaves at the base), with a single to a few stalks with sparse, little leaves, and the little triangular seed pods, that I guess look like purses a Shepherd would have used. I remember when I first started noticing them, they looked like spindly, sad things to me. They are easily overlooked. They are also very hard to photograph.

This plant can go from seed, to sprouting, to big basal leaves, to flowering, to seed a few times per season, which is remarkable if you think about it. You can find it anywhere in my experience, and seems to always show up as one of the first plants where ground has been disturbed or dug over, or new topsoil has been added (A ruderal plant). The seeds lie dormant in the soil until they get a chance to sprout.

It is amazing where this plant can grow. If you see weeds growing in a well traveled area, like a path, it is sure to be there. I've seen it growing in well used gravel parking lots and coming up in cracks in pavement. In good soil it can be quite large, in the worst soil, it is small, but seems happier than most plants in the same conditions. The only plants that seem as tough or maybe a bit tougher are some grasses.

Greens:

Before the plant has gone to flower, the basal leaves make a very nice salad green. After the plant has gone to flower, the basal leaves cooked are good in basically anything where greens are needed.


Roots:

It is grown and used in Korea as a root vegetable. Not bad at all, you don't get a lot per root, but since it is common, if you find a few, and the soil is light and loamy, it can be worth the effort. The taste is not particularly great, but certainly nothing bad about it. Good for a soup ingredient.


Seeds:

The seeds have been used for a long time as a traditional grain, but I have to say, they are quite a bit of work to gather, and it takes a long time to even get a tablespoon of them, however they taste good. You can eat them raw, put in soups, or with baked goods.

Just wait for the little seed pods to turn tan, and take the stem with pods, put in a bag and rub them with your hand inside the bag. Unfortunately, the seeds pods don't mature at the same time. They start maturing from the bottom and work their way up.

Growing this plant in your home garden:

For detailed growing instructions, go to my Wild Foods Home Garden website Shepherds Purse page.


Description:


Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) range. Distribution map courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA Natural Resources Service) and used in accordance with their policies.


sheppards purse from top

Sheppard's Purse looking straight down on basal leaves of plant. These leaves are in good shape for eating. Not easy to identify by leaves only. To be sure, look at the picture below of the stem with flowers and the triangular seed pods.


sheppards purse seed pods up close

This is one stem with the flowers on top and seed pods lower down. There can be one to many stems like this coming from the center of the base where the basal leaves come out.


1280px-Capsella_bursapastoris.JPG

Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) edible basal leaves. (By: dalgial GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2)


ALTNAME

Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) seed pouch. (By: H. Zell GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2)


Capsella_bursa-pastoris_Sturm23

Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) illustration. This is one plant that illustrations are better than pictures. I have never tried to photograph a plant that was more difficult to get a good image of. Even the camera does not want to autofocus on the stem. (By: Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen, printed in 1796)


cabu2_004_lhp

Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) seeds. (Steve Hurst, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database)





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Important Notes when Identifying
Rules & Cautions
Dangerous Plants to Avoid Touching
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